Reading and Writing Sinhalese (Sinhala)


Traveling to Sri Lanka is especially great when knowing the language Sinhala.


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Sinhala Characters



This page gives an overview of all important sinhala symbols used today. On the left side and on the top we used very large symbols to show you some slight differences between similar sinhala symbols.


a
aa
ae
aae
i
ii
u
uu
e
ee
o
oo
ra
k
ka
kaa
kae
kaae
ki
kii
ku
kuu
ke
kee
ko
koo
kra
kh
kha
khaa
khae
khaae
khi
khii
khu
khuu
khe
khee
kho
khoo
khra
g
ga
gaa
gae
gaae
gi
gii
gu
guu
ge
gee
go
goo
gra
gh
gha
ghaa
ghae
ghaae
ghi
ghii
ghu
ghuu
ghe
ghee
gho
ghoo
ghra
ng
nga
ngaa
ngae
ngaae
ngi
ngii
ngu
nguu
nge
ngee
ngo
ngoo
ngra
nng
nnga
nngaa
nngae
nngaae
nngi
nngii
nngu
nnguu
nnge
nngee
nngo
nngoo
nngra
c
ca
caa
cae
caae
ci
cii
cu
cuu
ce
cee
co
coo
cra
ch
cha
chaa
chae
chaae
chi
chii
chu
chuu
che
chee
cho
choo
chra
j
ja
jaa
jae
jaae
ji
jii
ju
juu
je
jee
jo
joo
jra
jh
jha
jhaa
jhae
jhaae
jhi
jhii
jhu
jhuu
jhe
jhee
jho
jhoo
jhra
ny
nya
nyaa
nyae
nyaae
nyi
nyii
nyu
nyuu
nye
nyee
nyo
nyoo
nyra
jny
jnya
jnyaa
jnyae
jnyaae
jnyi
jnyii
jnyu
jnyuu
jnye
jnyee
jnyo
jnyoo
jnyra
nyj
nyja
nyjaa
nyjae
nyjaae
nyji
nyjii
nyju
nyjuu
nyje
nyjee
nyjo
nyjoo
nyjra
tt
tta
ttaa
ttae
ttaae
tti
ttii
ttu
ttuu
tte
ttee
tto
ttoo
ttra
tth
ttha
tthaa
tthae
tthaae
tthi
tthii
tthu
tthuu
tthe
tthee
ttho
tthoo
tthra
dd
dda
ddaa
ddae
ddaae
ddi
ddii
ddu
dduu
dde
ddee
ddo
ddoo
ddra
ddh
ddha
ddhaa
ddhae
ddhaae
ddhi
ddhii
ddhu
ddhuu
ddhe
ddhee
ddho
ddhoo
ddhra
nn
nna
nnaa
nnae
nnaae
nni
nnii
nnu
nnuu
nne
nnee
nno
nnoo
nnra
nndd
nndda
nnddaa
nnddae
nnddaae
nnddi
nnddii
nnddu
nndduu
nndde
nnddee
nnddo
nnddoo
nnddra
t
ta
taa
tae
taae
ti
tii
tu
tuu
te
tee
to
too
tra
th
tha
thaa
thae
thaae
thi
thii
thu
thuu
the
thee
tho
thoo
thra
d
da
daa
dae
daae
di
dii
du
duu
de
dee
do
doo
dra
dh
dha
dhaa
dhae
dhaae
dhi
dhii
dhu
dhuu
dhe
dhee
dho
dhoo
dhra
n
na
naa
nae
naae
ni
nii
nu
nuu
ne
nee
no
noo
nra
nd
nda
ndaa
ndae
ndaae
ndi
ndii
ndu
nduu
nde
ndee
ndo
ndoo
ndra
p
pa
paa
pae
paae
pi
pii
pu
puu
pe
pee
po
poo
pra
ph
pha
phaa
phae
phaae
phi
phii
phu
phuu
phe
phee
pho
phoo
phra
b
ba
baa
bae
baae
bi
bii
bu
buu
be
bee
bo
boo
bra
bh
bha
bhaa
bhae
bhaae
bhi
bhii
bhu
bhuu
bhe
bhee
bho
bhoo
bhra
m
ma
maa
mae
maae
mi
mii
mu
muu
me
mee
mo
moo
mra
mb
mba
mbaa
mbae
mbaae
mbi
mbii
mbu
mbuu
mbe
mbee
mbo
mboo
mbra
y
ya
yaa
yae
yaae
yi
yii
yu
yuu
ye
yee
yo
yoo
yra
r
ra
raa
rae
raae
ri
rii
ru
ruu
re
ree
ro
roo
rra
l
la
laa
lae
laae
li
lii
lu
luu
le
lee
lo
loo
lra
v
va
vaa
vae
vaae
vi
vii
vu
vuu
ve
vee
vo
voo
vra
sh
sha
shaa
shae
shaae
shi
shii
shu
shuu
she
shee
sho
shoo
shra
ss
ssa
ssaa
ssae
ssaae
ssi
ssii
ssu
ssuu
sse
ssee
sso
ssoo
ssra
s
sa
saa
sae
saae
si
sii
su
suu
se
see
so
soo
sra
h
ha
haa
hae
haae
hi
hii
hu
huu
he
hee
ho
hoo
hra
ll
lla
llaa
llae
llaae
lli
llii
llu
lluu
lle
llee
llo
lloo
llra
f
fa
faa
fae
faae
fi
fii
fu
fuu
fe
fee
fo
foo
fra
rr
rra
rraa
rrae
rraae
rri
rrii
rru
rruu
rre
rree
rro
rroo
rrra
= anu/nnn

SINHALA

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Sinhala (also known as Sinhalese (older spelling: Singhalese) in English, also known locally as Helabasa, is the mother tongue of the Sinhalese people, who make up the largest ethnic group in Sri Lanka, numbering about 15 million. Sinhala is also spoken, as a second language by other ethnic groups in Sri Lanka, totalling about 3 million. It belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European languages. Sinhala is one of the official and national languages of Sri Lanka, along with Tamil. Sinhala, along with Pali, played a major role in the development of Theravada Buddhist literature. Sinhala has its own writing system, the Sinhala alphabet, which is a member of the Brahmic family of scripts, and a descendant of the ancient Indian Brahmi script. The oldest Sinhala inscriptions found are from the 6th century BCE, on pottery; the oldest existing literary works date from the 9th century CE. The closest relative of Sinhala is the language of the Maldives and Minicoy Island (India), Dhivehi.

In 1977 the Free market economy was introduced to the country, incorporating privatisation, deregulation and the promotion of private enterprise and loans. While the production and export of tea, rubber, and other commodities remain important, industrialisation has increased the importance of food processing, textiles, telecommunications and finance. Main economic sectors of the country are tourism, tea export, clothing, rice production and other agricultural products. In addition to these economic sectors, overseas employment contributes highly in foreign exchange, most of them from the Middle East.
The per capita income of Sri Lanka has doubled since 2005. During the same period, poverty and unemployment has dropped, market capitalisation has quadrupled and budget deficit has doubled. 90% of the households in Sri Lanka are electrified. Income inequality has also dropped in recent years.
Sri Lanka is next only to Maldives in the South Asian region in terms of per capita income.
It is possible to get loans at various banks where no personal guarantors or down payments are required, e.g. for wedding loans or car loans. There are option of repaying the loan based on a reducing balance or an equal installment scheme and the flexibility to choose the repayment period of up to 5 years. Processing fee is typically low and there is the choice of both fixed and floating rate interest rate options.

Sri Lanka is a country off the southern coast of the Indian subcontinent in South Asia. Known until 1972 as Ceylon, Sri Lanka is an island surrounded by the Indian Ocean, the Gulf of Mannar, the Palk Strait, and lies in the vicinity of India and the Maldives. As a result of its location in the path of major sea routes, Sri Lanka is a strategic naval link between West Asia and South East Asia. It was an important stop on the ancient Silk Road. Sri Lanka has also been a center of the Buddhist religion and culture from ancient times, being the nation where the Buddhist teachings were first written down as well as the oldest continually Buddhist country. Sri Lanka boasts a diverse range of cultures, languages and religions. The Sinhalese people form the majority of the population; Tamils, who are concentrated in the north and east of the island, form the largest ethnic minority. Other communities include Moors, Burghers, Kaffirs, Malays and the aboriginal Vedda people. Sri Lanka is a republic and a unitary state which is governed by a semi-presidential system with its official seat of government in Sri Jayawardenapura-Kotte, the capital. The country is famous for the production and export of tea, coffee, gemstones, coconuts, rubber and cinnamon, the last of which is native to the country. Sri Lanka has been called The Pearl of the Indian Ocean.